Diabetes type 1 and 2 essay

Not all of these genes have equal potency.

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Two of them appear to be most potent, some others are least potent, and others are simply auxiliary or helper genes that seem to have some assisting effect in the process. Thus, development of the disease is not percent in those who have inherited the genes for the diseases. Those people may have the gene but may either have protector genes or may be fortunate enough to avoid environmental stimuli. Moreover, there are probably multiple genes involved in type 2 diabetes.

For whatever reason, this genetic factor can interact with some environmental factor such as obesity and excess caloric intake. When the person eats, food turns into sugar in the stomach and intestines, and it enters the bloodstream, where it is carried to the body cells. Insulin, which is a hormone made in the pancreas, is needed to help the sugar to enter the cells.

Type-1 Diabetes And Nutrition Free Essays - taclorawedma.gq

Insulin is like a key, opening up the cell so it can let sugar in. After entering the cell, the sugar is used for energy. Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is dependent on the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas. In type I diabetes the pancreas makes no insulin or an extremely small amount of it "Type 1 Diabetes", On the other hand, in type 2 diabetes, the body neither uses its insulin effectively, nor does it produce enough insulin. Paragraph 3. In addition to causative agents, the two types of diabetes can be compared and contrasted according to their symptoms. Moreover, symptoms of type I diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few days to weeks, while in type 2 diabetes, symptoms often are not present in the early stages of this disease.

Patients who have diabetes types 1 or 2 diabetes may experience similar symptoms, such as increased urination, thirst, and weight loss Kuzuya, However , the two types of diabetes can differ in some symptoms.


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For example, type 1 diabetes symptoms include pain, vomiting, and rapid breathing. In contrast to type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes symptoms include slow healing of skin and blurred vision. Paragraph 4. The third aspect for comparison and contrast is complications. Both types 1 and 2 diabetes have similar complications, such as kidney disease diabetic nephropathy. Kidney abnormalities may be noted early in kidney disease. Also, poorly controlled diabetes may accelerate the development of kidney failure. Moreover, urinary tract infections in diabetes tend to be more severe and may result in kidney damage.

Another complication is the eye disease diabetic retinopathy, which is a disorder involving a change in the small blood vessels. If bleeding and scarring have developed, retinal detachment may occur, causing blindness.

A Brief Note On Diabetes And Insulin Dependent

Vascular changes in the iris may cause obstruction of the flow, which can cause glaucoma. Diabetics are also more likely than non-diabetics to develop cataracts. In addition, the two types of diabetes can be contrasted in some complications. For example, type 1 diabetes can increase the risk in the nerve disease diabetic neuropathy while type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of the heart disease. People with type 1 diabetes may develop temporary or permanent damage to nerve tissue. Neuropathy is more likely to develop if blood glucose is poorly controlled.

Some diabetics will not develop neuropathy while others may develop this condition relatively. In type 2 diabetes, complications include heart attack, chest pain angina , high blood pressure, stroke, and narrowing of the arteries atherosclerosis. Harbaugh 1 Megan Harbaugh Ms.

Thinking About Diabetes With Every Bite

It usually consisted of a chocolate poptart, or nothing at all. But since the day of March 16th, my life dramatically changed. I can no longer skip my breakfast, or eat chocolate pop tarts. I went from carefree Megan, to diabetic Megan. Since being diagnosed, I get up with my pump attached to me….

These people that I am talking about are myself and other like me. Some diabetics…. It is a chronic metabolic disorder. A lack of insulin in the blood there is not enough glucose in the cells of the body. Most kids need to take insulin to control their diabetes. Insulin is essential to process…. Physical activity is beneficial to health at all ages.

It is especially important to the healthy development of children and young people; active ageing can make a dramatic difference to the well-being of older people. The Physical Activity intervention strives to investigate the question "Can routine screening be paired with education and physical activity decrease one's chance of developing type II diabetes? Almost 16 years ago, my daughter at the age of seven became very sick, very suddenly.

Managing type 1 diabetes

I will never forget, it was the day before Halloween and she had to be picked up from school. As soon as I saw her the fear came over me; I knew something was very wrong. Little did I know she had been stricken with a disease that would affect the rest of her life. The doctor diagnosed it before he even examined her….

It is connected to a transmitter that sends the information via wireless radio frequency to a monitoring and display device. This recent technology has been a game changer in his management of Type 1. Not only does it give Tom a ballpark idea of where his blood sugar is at, but an alarm on the monitor will sound when certain levels high or low are reached.

The CGM alarm sounding like a fog horn at 3 a.


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Type 1 is an invisible, misunderstood disease. Many Type 1 advocates, myself included, feel that the diseases should be differentiated with unique names. I sometimes find myself hovering over the meter when Tom does a finger prick, trying to get a glimpse of the number. I once heard Type 1 likened to a stepchild for a spouse, a comparison that resonated with me.

Tom participating as a subject in an artificial pancreas study at the University of Chicago. Researchers are working to develop an algorithm that links the insulin pump to the CGM, while automatically delivering the appropriate amount of insulin making it a fully automated process.

Tom spent 72 hours in the hospital monitoring his blood sugar every 5 minutes, with a team of researchers sitting beside the bed even while he slept working on the algorithm. Type 1 is a cruel, demanding disease. You can do everything right and still get an inexplicable blood sugar. The straight line above is yes, something to be celebrated, but not something to be expected on an average day with Type 1. All you can do is your best, and meanwhile enjoy life.

Want to spread awareness? Become an ambassador at Beyond Type 1. Tom filling his pump with insulin and priming the tubing before insertion. Apple juice to the rescue. Anne Marie Moran Anne Marie is a writer and photographer.